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Breast Facts 
  • Women should be doing self breast exams starting in their 20s and should report any changes promptly to their health care providers.
  • A clinical breast exam should be part of a woman’s health care plan and should be done every 2 to 3 years for women in their 20s and 30s, and every year for women in their 40s.
  • Yearly Mammograms are recommended yearly for women starting at age 40.
  • The American Cancer Society recommends an MRI and mammogram every year for women at high risk (greater than 20% lifetime risk).
  • Women at moderate risk (15% to 20% lifetime risk) should talk with their health care providers about the benefits and limitations of adding MRI screening to their yearly mammogram.
  • Yearly MRI screening is not recommended for women whose lifetime risk of breast cancer is less than 15%.

Breast Changes

The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. This however, does not necessarily indicate breast cancer. A lump that is painless and hard is more likely to be cancer, but some cancers are tender and soft. Because of this, it is important to have any changes checked by your doctor promptly.

Some other possible signs of breast cancer:
~ swelling or changes in the size or shape of your breast
~ skin irritation or dimpling
~ breast pain
~ nipple pain or sudden inversion of the nipple
~ redness, scaliness or thickening of the nipple of breast skin
~ nipple discharge other than breast milk
~ a lump or swelling under the arm
~ a rash-like effect and or warmth in your breast

Breast Cancer in Men

Breast cancer is not just a woman’s disease. Men do get breast cancer, though it is rare.
The most common symptoms of male breast cancer include a lump in the chest area, skin dimpling or puckering, or nipple changes. Because breast cancer is much more common in females, many men don’t realize that they can get the disease, it can delay diagnosis and as a result, some cancers are not found until they have progressed to later stage. However, when cancer is found at the same stage among men and women, the survival rates are similar. It is important to report any persistent lumps or changes in your chest area to your doctor.

How To Perform a
Self Breast Exam


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